SRT P1 Seat Belt Tensioner

The P1 harness tensioner allows you to feel positive and/or negative Gs in a realistic way. It works with FlyPT.

NOTE: The harness tensioner can be dangerous. At full power, it is used a lot around the collarbones. Therefore, an emergency stop button should be provided.

Make all connections without power.

Perform all tests without any parts on the motor shaft.

Once the tests are done, and the belt is installed, perform the tests in 10% power increments, always being able to cut the power.

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Summary:

  1. Presentation
  2. Caracteristics
  3. Shopping list
  4. 3D files
  5. Wiring
  6. Driver settings
  7. Code Arduino et profil FlyPT
  8. Assembly
  9. Additional adjustements

 

1) Presentation

The harness tensioner consists of a harness (4 or 5 points), an servo motor, and an arduino board connected to FlyPT.

The system is precise and reactive, it engages immediately, and we feel the difference of braking between a F1 and a basic car, we also feel the activation of the ABS.

This system may not allow to adjust the braking. However, we feel a direct link between the pressure applied on the pedal and the tightening of the belt.

 

2) Caracteristics

The motor pulls on a cable that wraps around a reel. The cable pulls the belt backwards, which gives the impression of being thrown forward.

There is a casing that is mounted around the reel for safety.

3) Shopping list

Industry&CNC offer a kit (fast shipping, slow shipping) that includes :

  1. 1 x 80st-M02430 servo motor with a AASD15a driver and shielded cables
  2. 1 x 80st mounting bracket
  3. 1 x GX12 4 pin connector
  4. 1 x Câble 4 fils, 22AWG
  5. 1 x Shaft coupler
  6. 1 x bicycle brake cable

It remains then to order :

  1. Arduino Due (Amazon, I haven’t tested a clone).
  2. A 4 points seat belt (I tested 5 points, but as a man, I didn’t find it pleasant, you know what I mean?)  (Aliexpress).
  3. 0.1kg of pla to print the drum.
  4. 4 x DIN912 M3x5mm
  5. 4 x DIN912 M6x20mm with nuts
  6. 2 x DIN912 M6x25mm
  7. 2 x DIN7991 M5x25mm
  8. 1 x DIN7991 M5x40mm

4) 3D Files

All the 3D files are available on Thingiverse :

The main part.

The control box for the Arduino Due (if you need other mounting solution, please contact me).

Les rouleaux (ce système dépend beaucoup du baquet que vous avez, donc pour le moment, je n’inclue pas les composants dans la liste de course de ce projet).

5) Wiring

The arduino is connected to the motor driver via the 22AWG cable. The control box contains the arduino and a GX12 aviation connector.

Arduino DB25 connector
5V 9
GND (ground) 10/13
A0 6
DAC2 25

 

6) Driver settings

Drivers similar to AASD have 200 parameters, fortunately you don’t need to change them all.

The drivers manual is available here. This video shows how to set the parameters.

I highly recommend testing the engine operation via flypt with the engine disassembled!

Parameter Value Explanation Comment
Pn001 4 Select the right motor, in this case an 80st-M02430 No need to use a more powerful engine
Pn002 0 Motor control mode 0 : torque mode : we send a torque command
Pn003 0 Activate/deactivate the driver 0: the driver is turned on by the arduino. 1: the driver is always on
Pn189 30 Gain: the force of the motor You can increase the value once the installation is fully functional.
Pn190 -600 Offset : allows to immobilize the motor on the value 0. This value must be calibrated on your installation, my value may not be the right one for you This parameter also allows to add a small preload.
Pn191 0 Allows to reverse the direction of rotation 0 : When facing the engine, counterclockwise

 

The last three parameters are taken into account by the driver without restarting.

7) Arduino code and FLYPT profile

You will need to add the library to manage the Arduino due: Tools > Board type > Board manager > type Due in the search bar and install the “Arduino SAM Boards” package. Then restart the IDE.

Before using the tensioner, the offset (Pn190) must be calibrated. Flash this test code with Arduino Due (Native USB port) selected: the driver should normally be active (it emits a very slight high pitched noise). If the motor is running by itself, change the parameter Pn190 until the motor is not running anymore, or just pulling very very very lightly on the belt (in my case, I am at -1600).

You can now flash the final code available here, still selecting Arduino Due (Native USB port).

Open the FlyPT profile. Click on Output::Serial > Update Ports, then select the Arduino port. Click on “connect” to connect the Arduino

Then if no source is connected, you can act directly on the slider (blue in this case) in “Simple Direct” to test the tensioner.

Once everything is in place, click on any source, and connect it. For some sources, you will need to make some modifications to the game. More details on the FlyPT website.

To adjust the force, you can act directly on the Pn189 parameter.

8) Assembly

The step file is available on Thingiverse if you want to check the full assembly.

Coming soon.

9) Additionnal adjustements

A mistake in the settings can cause the system to fail and therefore be dangerous. Until you are used to it, always be careful, able to turn off the power or assisted by another person.

There are three “simple direct”: Accel, Brake, Both. Depending on what you want to choose, change the code in the “ouput string” field of the connect window:

 

In each “simple direct”, you can adjust the gain, and the filtering:

The higher the Emalp value, the smoother it is (it filters details). I recommend values between 10 and 100.

The higher the gain, the stronger the tensioner serves. I obviously recommend to start with a low gain. Recommended value: between 10 and 20.

I've been passionate about cars since I was a kid! I learned the multiple variations of the Skyline R34 through the Gran Tursimo series, until I discovered GTR2 at the wheel of a keyboard. A few years later, I plunged back into Sim Racing with a G27 which made me enter the DIY world. Always looking for an immersion out of reach in reality, I develop projects that I take care to make accessible to any 3D printer owner!
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