Seat Belt Tensioner GT V3.0

The harness tensioner allows for a limited budget to make the negative Gs (braking, ABS, shifting) credibly felt. It works with Simhub.

IMPORTANT : The harness tensioner can be dangerous. At full power, it is very stressfull around the collarbones. It is therefore necessary to provide an emergency stop button.

Make all the connections with the power off.

Do all electronic tests without any parts on the motor’s shaft.

Once the tests have been carried out, and the belt installed, carry out the tests in 10% power increments.

 

Final rendering :

Frankly very nice. At the first braking, we say to ourselves “Well, maybe it wasn’t worth the trouble…”. After a few laps we forget it. Then it’s when the belt doesn’t work anymore (yes because at the beginning, there were some tests…unsuccessful ^^) we can’t do without it anymore… we have again the feeling to play a video game, and not to drive a race car…

The system is quite precise, it engages immediately, and you can feel the braking difference between an F1 and a base car, you can also feel the activation of the ABS.

It’s probably not precise enough to use the information to dose the brake, like “ah it’s not working for me, I can brake more”.

NOTA BENE :  The harness tensioner can be dangerous. At full power, it is very stressfull around the clavicles. Therefore, an emergency stop button must be installed.

Want to support this project ? https://www.paypal.me/leboisVR?locale.x=en

Summary :

  1. Presentation
  2. Caracteristics
  3. Shopping list
  4. Building instructions

 

1) Presentation

The harness tensioner consists of a harness (4 or 5 points), an electric motor, an electric motor driver, and an arduino board connected to Simhub.

2) Caracteristics

The motor pulls the belt backwards, it gives the impression of being thrown forward, especially in VR.

The 3D files are available on Thingiverse.

3) Shopping list

Electronics :

  1. A 350W electric motor.(Amazon, Aliexpress, Ebay)
  2. 24V  15A 360W Power supply. It can good a good idea to add an emergency stop (Amazon, Aliexpress, Ebay)
  3. Motor driver 60A (AmazonAliexpress)
  4. Arduino Uno. Any clone will do. However, clones do not necessarily have the same dimensions, and therefore do not necessarily fit in the cases. (AmazonAliexpress)
  5. XT60H connectors. This connectors allow to easily disconnect the motor (Amazon, Aliexpress)

Mecanics :

  1. A 4-point harness. 5 points aren’t very comfy under the belt…you see what I mean ?  (Amazon, Aliexpress, Ebay)
  2. 0,1kg PLA (Amazon)to print the rewinder.
  3. Bicycle brake cable (Aliexpress).
  4. SHF12 (it goes inside the drum. I recommand ordering from Industry&CNC because it comes with the 8mm adapter) (Aliexpress, Amazon).

Screws :

DIN912 :

  1. 2 x Vis M4x15. This Amazon kit contains the two screws
  2. 1 x Vis M4x40 (replaces the screw from the SHF12) (Aliexpress)
  3. 2 x Vis M6x25 (SH12 tightening)
  4. 1 x vis M8x20 with nut to tight the cable

DIN7991 :

  1. 4 x M6x15 to fix the motor on the motor mount.
  2. 4 x M8x20 to fix the motor mount on the aluminium profiles.There is two motor mount, one for 8040 extrusions, one for 10050 extrusions.
  3. 2 x vis M8x25 to fix the belt

4) Building instructions

The belt drum is mounted on the motor shaft.

The connection of the power supply and the motor to the driver is indicated on the PCB.

A. Preparation of the driver :

  1. Unscrew the two screws
  2. Using a cutter, cut the track above the 8-pin transistor (ne555p). Still using the cutter, scrape the pcb in order to clear the yellow coloured track, then solder a wire to it, to be connected to pin 10 of the Arduino.
  3. You may have another version of the PCB (newer ?). In that case, do the same modification :
  4. Close the driver with the two screws. Connect the mass of the driver (Power -) to one the Arduino (GND) pins.

    binary comment
  5. Link “Power -” to “-” of the power supply
  6. Link “Power +” to “+” of the power supply
  7. Link “Motor +” to “+” of the motor
  8. Link “Motor -” to “-” of the motor.

B. Setting up the Arduino card on Simhub :

  1. On Simhub: We flashe an arduino with the PWM signal function (which is generally used to drive fans to make a wind simulator) and the deceleration function is associated with it.
  2. Our motor is associated with the deceleration function in the “motor output” tab of ShakeIt Motors :
  3. The deceleration effect is set as follows. To be on the safe side, the power will be increased in 10% steps. Attention, when you test your settings in simulation, use a car with a high braking capacity (single-seater, F1…).

C. Installation of the drum

I've been passionate about cars since I was a kid! I learned the multiple variations of the Skyline R34 through the Gran Tursimo series, until I discovered GTR2 at the wheel of a keyboard. A few years later, I plunged back into Sim Racing with a G27 which made me enter the DIY world. Always looking for an immersion out of reach in reality, I develop projects that I take care to make accessible to any 3D printer owner!
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34 thoughts on “Seat Belt Tensioner GT V3.0

  1. Dear Lebois,

    A month ago I ordered the parts to build a seat belt tensioner. Now I see that the explanation has been updated. Is it possible to see/find the old version?

    Best regards,
    Leo

        1. Hi thanks for the feedback! Will try to build it next month. In the meantime I will order the new motor driver you described.

          Thanks!

        2. Dear Lebois,

          I build the one with the new motor controller as described on this webpage. After completing 1 to 1 every step I can’t get the motor to work with the test button in Simhub. Any advice on how to troubleshoot this?

          Best regards,
          Leo

          1. One thing I might have done wrong. Do I need to connect the Power – from the motor controller to both GND on the Arduino (indicated with the upper and bottom big red arrow on your picture).

          2. Hi ! Can you contact me on the facebook page and show me a picture of your wiring ? Just a bet : did you keep the potentiometer ? It acts as a power switch so we need to keep it.

    1. Hello,

      I built it like you said but it was working only 10 minutes. Motor stop working. Can you tell what went wrong?

      I used stabilised power supply 24v 15A 350W.

      Can you help me?

  2. Hey Lebois, I was looking to build my own belt tensioner based on your project but i seems that the pictures you provided are no longer available in this page? Can you repost them pls if that´s ok?

    Great work BTW!

    1. It seems that I have a problem with the hoster… Meanwhile I uploaded all the pictures here.

      BTW, I will test in the coming days a 24V/25A power supply. It should get rid of the problems I have on project cars2…

      There is also quite a bit surprise coming 😉

      1. Do you think a big capacitor on the power supply exit could help with the peak current caused on the motor start. Since when we aplly the brakes at the end of a straight ( for example) the G’s would spike to the max and consequently drive the motor to 100%.

          1. Ok, i will build my own design and share with you what i have learned from that. I will further investigate about this motor start current spike. I want to get a soft start but not slow, even though they are opposite things.

  3. Hey Leobois, I tried my seatbelt tensioner today for the first time.
    It works brilliantly! But the motor is REALLY loud. Do you had the same problem?
    Do you need to do something in the software (SIMHUB)?
    Once again, thanks for the project!

  4. Hi Leobois,

    Would you think it’s possible to upgrade this to a two-motor belt tensioner? Then it’s also possible to replicate cornering forces and from products that have two motors that really seems to be a thing.

    Also, can you shed some light on the upcoming surprise?

    1. Hi ! In theory yes, you could use two motors, but I don’t think it would be efficient to replicate cornering forces. BTW, I am still working on it to improve everything, and I found out that it can also be very effective to replicate acceleration forces (but it is far more stressing for the electronics).

  5. Thanks Lebois for all of your work on this project! I was so inspired by it that I used it as an excuse to purchase my very first 3d printer. I’ve got the printer pretty well dialed in and am going to start printing the parts. I thought I saw your recommended 3d print settings for this somewhere – but now I don’t seem to be able to find them. Can you please provide your recommended settings for these parts (layer thickness, infill, etc.)?

    Thanks so much Lebois! Happy racing!! Bob

    1. Print settings are indicated in the 3d files names, although new name conversion from thingiverse made this thing looks weird. Check the names, 0.250 means 0.2 thickness with 50% infill.

      1. Ha! Silly me! I thought I had seen them somewhere but forgot to go back and look at the actual file names. Think I looked everywhere except there. Much appreciated! Will let you know how it goes.

        Thanks again Lebois! Cheers! Bob

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